Terminal tackle choices are an integral part of a bass angler’s success. Having the right information to make fishing decisions can make or break your fishing day.
When choosing the weight you should use for bass fishing, consider wind, current, cover, fall rate, fish depth, and bottom contact. Also, factor in the sinker style suitable for a particular bait. Most often, you’ll use the following weights for bass fishing: bullet head, drop shot, punch, insert or hook weights.
Carefully considering the size, heaviness and style should be one of the first steps when preparing for your day of bass fishing. You may have everything teed up perfectly. You’ve rigged up and chosen the perfect bait for the conditions at hand. You are ready to go. But, what if you’ve chosen the wrong weight?
Choosing the wrong weight could mean that your bait does not reach your intended target fast enough or could cause it to fall out of the strike zone of a bass too quickly and could severely hamper your chances of catching fish. Below, you’ll see tips to help you put more fish in the boat by choosing the right type and size of weight for the occasion.
When to Use a Weight for Bass Fishing
Choosing the right weights, also known as sinkers, is a critical component when you are trying to make the right presentation in bass fishing. Weights are mostly used when fishing for soft plastics and are almost never used with hard baits or lures. When choosing the right weight, it is of utmost importance to consider the right style of weight as well as the heaviness of the sinker for a particular style of bass fishing.
Does Weight Really Matter for Bass Fishing?
“Weight a minute!” When most people are considering what weight they should use for bass fishing, they underestimate the importance of their decision. Understanding the value of weight selection is critical to your success as an angler. Carefully considering the proper size, style, and heaviness of your weight is an important key to your bass fishing success as you prepare for your day on the water.
Sinker vs. Weight? What’s the Difference?
Many people use the term sinker when discussing live bait fishing while using the term weight when talking about artificial lures and baits. For the purposes of this article, we’ll use them interchangeably and will be predominantly discussing bass fishing using artificial lures and soft plastics.
What Are Fishing Weights Made From?
Most fishing weights are made from lead. However, there is a large push to replace lead with other metals because of the environmental concerns related to using lead for fishing weights. Some lead alternatives include brass, steel, and tungsten. Anglers should check their state regulations regarding the use of lead as some states restrict or prohibit the use of lead for fishing.
Tungsten, although more expensive, is gaining popularity and offers the advantage of being more dense and heavier meaning that you can get more pack for the punch. You can use a small profile tungsten weight compared to lead and get more weight out of the smaller profile.
What is the Real Purpose of a Weight for Bass Fishing?
Weights serve several purposes. First, weights make your bait heavier and easier to cast. Weights also control the rate of fall of your bait. The fall rate is simply a measure of how fast your bait falls from the water’s surface to the bottom. A weight can also serve as a counterbalance meaning that it balances out the way a bait moves through the water for baits like swim jigs and swimbaits. Finally, a weight can serve a particular purpose for certain baits. Punch baits need a weight heavy enough to penetrate thick cover. The weight is the tool that helps the bait punch through matted or heavy vegetation.
Do You need a Weight for Bass Fishing?
You almost always need some sort of weight for bass fishing although there are some exceptions. Many soft plastics can be fished with or without a weight. Some examples of unweighted presentation include worms fished wacky-rigged, stick baits fished weightless, fluke fishing, and toad or speedworms skimmed across the surface.
The Best Weight Style for Bass Fishing? Your Guide.
Bass fishermen have hundreds if not thousands of baits and lures to choose from. Much of an angler’s success depends on their ability to combine the right lure and presentation based on a number of factors.
Slip Sinkers are so-called because they have a hole in the middle of the weight which allows the sinker to move freely or “slip” up and down your fishing line. They are typically used when fishing a worm either Texas or Carolina rigged. The most popular kind of slip sinker for bass fishing is a bullet head weight aptly named because it resembles a small bullet. Bullet head weights have a point at the top allowing them to slide through cover more easily without getting stuck. For a great tungsten bullet head weight, check out Reaction Tungsten options on Amazon.
Bell Sinkers look like small bells and are used less frequently but are still worth a mention as they are used for bass fishing to sit on the bottom while suspending a live or artificial bait above the weight and further up your line in the water column. To check out a great bell sinker for bass fishing, click here to visit amazon.
Cylinder Style weights Cylinder sinkers may prove to be a better fit when fishing a drop shot or other technique as they are less bulky meaning fewer snags in rocks, grass, timber, or other bottom cover. Many manufacturers make a cylinder style sinker specifically designed for drop shot fishing because it is made to break away from the line easily when it gets snagged. Click here to check Amazon for drop shot weight options.
Split-Shot sinkers are small, round, ball-like sinkers with a slit down one side. The line slides into the groove, then the sinker is pinched onto the line. They can resemble small BBs or can be much larger as well. Although split shots are more common with live bait bass fishing, they can also be used to add small amounts of conspicuous weight to many artificial lures and baits. Amazon has a number of variety packs for split shots.
Punch Weights These weights are typically used coupled with a punch bait (jig) to punch through heavy mats, vegetation, or other cover. They are also slip sinkers (and are often “pegged” with bobber stops) but deserve a separate category because of their popularity. Many punch weights are made of tungsten which allows them to be made in smaller profiles than lead. Visit Amazon to see Eco Pro’s line of punching weights.
Insert Weights Also known as nail weights, insert weights resemble a small nail and are primarily used for soft plastic fishing when finesse fishing for bass. The benefit of these sinkers is that they are a more “covert” offering than a traditional sinker because the nail is hidden in the actual body of the plastic bait making them particularly useful in clear water settings. See Amazon for a number of options including Reaction Tackle’s nail weight.
Hook Weights Hook weights are weights that are also made to attach by pinching, however, the weight pinches onto the hook instead of the line. Many baits swim better (more lifelike) when a hook weight is used as opposed to a traditional sinker. Gamakatsu, carried by Amazon, is well-known for its line of super-sharp hook weights.
How Heavy Should the Weight Be for Bass Fishing?
Equally important as style is sinker size. Weighs can range in size from 1/64 ounces to 2 ½ ounces for almost all bass fishing needs. The decision on how heavy your weight should be often depends on several factors including depth, wind, cover, fall rate, and bottom contact.
- Fish Depth The ideal weight is directly correlated to the depth that you expect to have your bait encounter bass. This concept is fairly straightforward. For shallow water, you’ll need less weight to get your bait into the strike zone of a bass. You may be able to get there with a ⅛ or 3/16 ounce weight in water up to 7 or 8 feet whereas you may need a larger weight for water ranging from 8 to 20 feet (¼ ounce to ⅜ ounce).
- Wind and Current More wind means more resistance as your bait enters the water. As wind speed increases, you’ll need to compensate for the increased resistance by adding more weight. The same can be said for current. Stronger current means more movement on your bait. With more current, anglers should consider a heavier weight.
- Cover Fishing vegetation requires heavier weights generally speaking. Punching through thick mats usually requires a much heavier weight (a punch weight is usually between 1 and 2 ounces). The heavier weight helps you to penetrate the cover so that your bait can get down to the weighted bass. Ideally, you want a weight heavy enough to get through the cover but not so heavy that it penetrates cover and falls too quickly.
- Fall Rate Fishing with finesse applications where you are looking for a slower fall rate may mean that you want a very light weight like a 1/64 or 1/32 split shot weight to allow your bait to cast more easily and fall more freely. Additionally, fall rate is an important consideration when fishing a texas rigged style soft plastic worm.
- Bottom Contact For some baits, it is important that you maintain contact with the bottom. If you are fishing a bait where the bottom is important, choose a weight that is heavy enough to maintain bottom contact. You may have to use trial and error at times to find the right weight to maintain bottom contact while not getting stuck or snagged.
KEY CONCEPT Choose the lightest weight that you feel that you can get away with and still fish your particular bait effectively. Lighter weights help you feel your bait better which allows you to more easily detect bites.
Enjoy these tips for choosing the right weight for bass fishing and fish on!